Hungarian Association of Individual Psychology (MIPE)
Alfred Adler (1870-1937)
A Brief History of our Association
What is individual psychology exactly? Individual psychology is the third largest classical trend of psychotherapy following psychoanalysis and Carl Jung’s analytical psychology. It was founded by the Viennese psychiatrist Alfred Adler (1870-1937), who apart from his work paid great attention to the issue of mental hygiene as well as of disease prevention.
Not many know that parenting counseling was also developed by Adler and other individual psychologists like the Hungarian Istvan Maday. Over the years this method has gained a great importance worldwide serving the purpose of child therapy, family therapy, child protection, developmental pedagogy and parent education by Adler. As a part of Adlerian therapy adult and children as well as group and individual therapies are to be found.
therapies are considered as dynamic and alternative. In
has worked extensively and with precision in science between 1927 and 1950
until it was disbanded by the government. Later in 1991 it was reformed as a
member association of the Hungarian Association of Psychiatry and of the
International Association of Individual Psychology leading
Meaningful steps for reorganization of the movement:
Today the association has nearly 200 members, who
gather in regional working groups (in cities like Budaörs,
Since IP is based on a dynamic therapeutic approach, it acknowledges the role of the unconscious in the behavior and in shaping life. However, it focuses of the social being of an individual, its completeness, and target-task orientation. IP emphasizes the inferiority complex-considered to be the earliest and a long lasting basic feeling of a person- and aims to find a way in order to overcome it through social responsibility, duties and self-realization.
IP is committed to help children developing their identity, their pursuit of self-healing and self-creating as well as their community feelings. Adler and their followers worked out a detailed neurosis theory. According to their view, psychological diseases do not determine fate, they can be healed by changing one’s lifestyle. During the 20th century IP has been used, and now is a part of several important trends such as person-centered therapy (PCT) by Carl Roger, family therapies and self-improvement courses and training e.g by Dale Carnegie.
So it can be said that individual psychology combines medical, psychological, prevention and educational aspects uniquely. The Hungarian Association of Individual Psychology (MIPE) offers accredited trainings for candidates, based on Bachelor degree (e.g in Medicine, Psychology, Pedagogy, or Social pedagogy) of participants, which can be attended while working.
A short introduction to the theory of IP
Individual psychology is a trend of depth psychology that acknowledges the role of the unconscious in the human psyche. In addition it focuses on one’s social and personal nature. This type of social psychological and humanistic attitude is now of particular relevance. IP has given many clues to Human science. According to Adler, people attempt with all their efforts to understand the connections of living together, and to find within their own safety: But on what depends the security of our lives? What defines our lives? It is that what goals we set for ourselves. And what is behind the goal? Success orientation.
Let's see this IP attitude in developmental psychology: as newborns are born, they are unable to live alone and helpless. Children face several times with their lack of abilities in order to accomplish a task. Later as they know more about the world, they confront how small they are in comparison with the universe. We could say that the feeling of being inferior is born with us, however, love and care can make children courageous and confident, which motivates them to do always more difficult tasks since they feel how important they are.
All in all avoiding low self-esteem is what motivates us from the beginning. That is what we fight with, that is what we would like to compensate. During this process an appropriate self-estimation is constantly improving: tasks and jobs are done with precision. The individual develops a positive sense of community, and shapes a healthy and successful lifestyle.
Where can be IP used?
The positive community feelings results in a flexible and satisfactory resolution of interpersonal conflicts, which has an utterly important role in our world. This skill can be mastered by Adler’s depth psychology. Nowadays, when traditional family- and educational patterns are changing, getting to know a conscious psychological and educational approach is vital. IP offers a good way in order to do that because it combines psychological and pedagogical trends.
IP also supports conscious life shaping, which today is of great importance, since the ability to be able to change and to restart are more appreciated than ever before. Businessmen, entrepreneurs for example need healthy self-confidence, instead of overcompensated low self-esteem. IP is also useful for that since it focuses on reaching self-strengthening and balance. A certain knowledge about IP is also essential for successful rehabilitation of patients and treating psychological disorders like neurosis, psychosomatic, psychosis and addiction disorders. The actuality of crime prevention and Adler’s thoughts in the topic are undeniable.
To sum up, it can be said that IP helps in all spheres of social coexistence because it is in favor of cooperation and understanding others instead of inhuman competition. So it provides new opportunities for creating a more harmonic future. After spreading globally, IP is now in the 21st century again of great importance.